Selamat Hari Raya Galungan

Greg Chambers

Getting to know Galungan Day, the traditional day for Hindu’s to commemorate victory!

People of Hindu in various regions in Indonesia are celebrating Hari Raya Galungan. This celebration is synonymous with Hindus who pray and worship their ancestors in refutation, merajan.

Galungan Day is commemorated as the day of the victory of Dharma (goodness) against Adharma (evil). Galungan is celebrated by Hindus every 6 months or 210 days, using the Balinese calendar calculations, namely on Buddhist Kliwon Dungulan Day (Wednesday Kliwon Wuku Dungulan ) as the Day of Victory of Dharma (truth) against Adharma (evil).

Galungan Day is a moment to commemorate the creation of the universe. As a thanksgiving, Hindus give and make offerings to Sang Hyang Widhi and Dewa Bhatara.

Galungan itself comes from Old Javanese which means 'win'. In addition, the word Galungan has a similar meaning to Dungulan which means to win. Galungan provides an understanding that good intentions and efforts will always win compared to bad intentions and efforts.

In celebrating this holy Galungan day, the Balinese Hindu community carries out various special and special activities. Galungan celebrations begin with prayers in their respective homes, then to larger family temples such as Penjajan Agung, Dadia , Mother Temple, Panti, Banjar Temple and to Kahyangan Tiga or Pelinggih - pelinggih at the place of business.

On this holy day, Balinese people who celebrate Galungan will wear traditional clothes dominated by white while carrying offerings on their heads. For Hindus who have family members with mapendem status or have died or commonly called the Balinese people with Makingsan in Pertiwi, then they have to bring benten to the cemetery.

The Galungan Day celebration is also accompanied by other religious ceremonies, starting from the Tumpek Wariga ( Pengatag ) Day which is held 25 days before the Galungan Day celebration. Then, Kliwon Wuku Wariga , where Hindus make offerings to Sang Hyang Sangkara , which is a manifestation of God as the god of Prosperity and Salvation for plants.

This celebration is a form of human love for plants. The characteristic of Tumpek Pengatag Day is by offering various colors of porridge ( bubuh ), such as white, yellow, red, and green porridge.

The next series of ceremonies is called Sugihan Jawa which is held six days before Galungan. Sugihan Jawa comes from the word sugi which means to purify , while Javanese or jaba means outside.

This religious ceremony is defined as purifying or cleansing everything that is in humans (bhuana agung), such as cleaning the merajan (holy places) and also the house as part of the Great Bhuana.

Then five days before Galungan the Sugihan Bali ceremony was held , which means cleansing the human being both body and soul. This is done so that in the celebration of Galungan will all clean scale and timeless , so that it can run properly.

Then, three days before Galungan Day, the Pahing wuku Dungulan or also known as Penyekeban Day is held . On that day, humans are expected to be able to restrain the senses (lust) and refrain from doing things that are contrary to religion.

Then, two days before Galungan there is a Penyajaan ceremony , where Hindus have to really stabilize themselves in carrying out the ceremony. Because they will begin to be seduced by Sang Bhuta Dungulan and must be able to stabilize themselves to take a few steps towards Galungan.

The day before Galungan Day, it is known as Penampahan Galungan. In this procession, Hindus slaughter pigs as a symbol of killing the animal passions that are in humans, and are used as religious ceremonial equipment.

The day before Galungan, Balinese people will also be busy making penjor, or decorative bamboo on the side of the road. Penjor itself is made of curved bamboo sticks decorated with various materials from agricultural products, such as leaves ( plawa ), seeds ( palawija ), tubers and palagantung, such as coconut, rice, and bananas.

Penjor as a symbol of prosperity and prosperity, is made with a beautiful appearance to support the implementation of the increasingly lively Galungan Day.

It is hoped that on this Galungan day, the mind can be pure and clean, and all negative influences can be lost.

Words: Kumparan Travel
Images: Ruben Hutabarat

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30% Off All Scheduled Sessions!

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WE ARE WITH YOU BALI!

Ubud, Bali, Indonesia.

Om Swastiastu

The COVID-19 pandemic has devastated the hearts of the global community. But there is light at the end of this dark tunnel, and it is glorious and beautiful! Restrictions are slowly lifting around the world and this includes right here in Bali. The Pyramids of Chi are now open following strict COVID-19 safety protocols and we are ready to spread our good vibrations once again!

If you remained in Bali during this crisis, like us, you must LOVE the Island of the Gods, and WE ARE WITH YOU! To support the community during these uncertain times we are offering *30% OFF all scheduled Pyramid sessions so you can enjoy more healing, more of the time. After enduring isolation, we could all do with a little bit of that!

We can use this time that has been given to us for positive change. Meditation and relaxation have been proven to boost your immune system. Tune out of the world news and tune into yourself. Together we will adapt, overcome, and welcome a new world. 

The Pyramids Café is also open to nourish the community with our ‘Food as Medicine’ menu. Regardless if you are booking a session, drop in to enjoy our relaxing open-air café or our serene, meditative gardens. We are here for the community as a refuge and relaxation haven at this time.

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We offer regular events including sound healing, light therapy, cacao ceremonies, breath and voice workshops, spiritual awakening, yoga and more with positive vibrations and Pyramid Power, 7-days a week.

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Nyepi: Bali’s New Year's Day of Complete Silence

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All is quiet today in honor of Nyepi, a holy day that marks the beginning of the Hindu New Year according to the Saka calendar. We could already feel the calm descending on our Island this morning when the internet was shut off. We look forward to this day of introspection & the star-lit, unpolluted night sky ahead!! ⁠

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Happy Galungan from The Pyramids of Chi!

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"Galungan is the most important feast for Balinese Hindus. The festival is a celebration to honor the creator of the universe (Ida Sang Hyang Widi) and the spirits of the honored ancestors. It symbolizes the victory of good (Dharma) over evil (Adharma) and encourages the Balinese to show their gratitude with offerings, prayer, and dance."

Offerings to the Ancestors

"Galungan occurs twice a year in the 210-day cycle of the Balinese calendar (explained in this article about Bali's culture) and marks the time of the year when the spirits of the ancestors are believed to visit the earth. Balinese Hindus perform rituals that are meant to welcome and entertain these returning spirits.

The house compounds that make up the nucleus of Balinese society come alive with devotions offered by the families living within. Families offer bountiful sacrifices of food and flowers to the ancestral spirits, expressing gratitude and hopes for protection. These sacrifices are also offered at local temples, which are packed with devotees.

The whole island sprouts tall bamboo poles, or penjor, which are usually decorated with fruit, coconut leaves, and flowers and set up on the right of every residence entrance. At each gate, you'll also find small bamboo altars set up especially for the holiday, each one bearing woven palm-leaf offerings for the spirits."

Intensive Preparations

The preparations for Galungan begin several days before the actual feast day

Penyekeban

Three days before Galungan, families begin their preparations with "Penyekeban." Penyekeban literally means "the day to cover up," as this is the day when green bananas are covered up in huge clay pots to speed their ripening.

Penyajahan

Two days beforehand marks a time of introspection for Balinese and, more prosaically, a time to make the Balinese cakes known as jaja. These colored cakes made of fried rice dough are used in offerings and are also eaten especially on Galungan. This time of year finds a glut of jaja in every village market.

Penampahan

The day before is slaughter day. On this day, Balinese slaughter the sacrificial animals that will go into the temple or altar offerings. Galungan is marked by a sudden surplus of traditional Balinese food, like lawar (a spicy pork and coconut sauce dish) and satay.

Galungan Day

Balinese devotees pray at the temples and make their offerings to the spirits. Women are seen carrying the offerings on their heads, while men bring palm fronds.

Kuningan

The tenth day after Galungan Day marks the end of Galungan and is believed to be the day when the spirits ascend back to heaven. On this day, Balinese make special offerings of yellow rice.

Happy Galungan from The Pyramids of Chi tribe!

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